Living Museum of the Great Western Railway

6023 - King Edward II

The final development of Churchward's Star class and Collett's Castles, the Kings were the most powerful locomotives on the Great Western Railway, and for several years the most powerful passenger engines in the country.

6023 ‘King Edward II’ emerged from Swindon Works in June 1930 and spent all its life until the last year or so allocated to Newton Abbot and Laira (Plymouth). Withdrawn from Cardiff in June 1962, it was returned to Swindon for breaking up. Coupled to its twin 6024 ‘King Edward I’, from which it had rarely been separated throughout its working life, it was given one last unusual job - to be towed dead over a bridge for weight testing purposes. This miraculously resulted in both engines being dumped in Woodham Bros. yard in Barry instead of being hauled back to Swindon and scrapped.

There they remained, coupled together, until 6024 was saved in 1974, leaving 6023, whose wheels had been cut through after a derailment. As their contribution to celebrations marking the 150th anniversary of the GWR's formation in 1985, Messrs Harveys of Bristol bought the hulk and moved it to Temple Meads station. Subsequently they released it to the Society, who brought it to Didcot in 1990.

The locomotive was completely rebuilt by the Great Western Society in a major engineering project which has taken over 20 years to complete. The restored locomotive moved under its own power for the first time on 20 January 2011, and entered traffic with an official launch ceremony at Didcot on April 2.

As well as working at Didcot Railway Centre the locomotive has visited the Great Central Railway, the Severn Valley Railway, the North Yorkshire Moors Railway and the Paignton and Dartmouth Railway.

The locomotive last ran at Didcot on 15 September 2020 and will now be available for static display before a further overhaul in due course.

Static Display
Build date
Built at
Wheel arrangement
Route availability
Double Red
Barrel diameter
6 ft 0 in
Barrel length
16ft 0 in
Boiler pressure
250 lbs/sq in
Boiler type
GWR No. 12
Coal capacity
6 Tons
(4) 16.25 x 28 inches
Heating surfaces, firebox
194 sq ft
34.3 sq ft
Power class
Special (BR:8P)
Superheater area
313 sq ft
Tractive effort
40,300 pounds
Heating surfaces, tubes
2008 sq ft
Water capacity
4,000 gallons
135 tons 5 cwt.
Wheel diameter
6 feet 6 inches

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